Patrick Downie graduated from the National College of Chiropractic in Lombard, Illinois, in 1996. Widely regarded to be among the preeminent biomedicine instructors in complementary and integrative medicine education in the country, Dr. Downie was Co-Director of an NIH NCCAM research grant at Rush University College of Nursing, practiced as a staff Chiropractor at Northwestern Medicine’s Center for Integrative Medicine, and served as both a Professor and Bioscience Department Chair at Pacific College of Oriental Medicine, Chicago where he taught orthopedic and neurological testing. Dr. Downie also served as Academic Dean and Campus President at an acupuncture College in Sarasota, Florida. He currently serves as a Professor in the Master’s program and a Professor and Capstone Advisor in the Doctorate program at Emperor’s College in Santa Monica, California. He is also a Professor in the Master’s program at the Acupuncture and Integrative Medicine College in Berkeley, California. Dr. Downie is an active member of the American Association of Anatomists.